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Banknote Grading

The International Bank Note Society evolved a system of grading which is used throughout the world although there are other systems, like a points system, that are used by some people.  The grading categories used in the Society’s system are listed below, starting with the highest possible.

UNCIRCULATED (UNC)  A perfectly preserved note, never mishandled by the issuing authority, a bank teller, the public or a collector.  Paper is clean and firm, without discoloration.  Corners are sharp and square without any evidence of rounding (rounded corners are often a tell-tale sign of a cleaned or ‘doctored’ note).  N.B. Some note issues are most often available with slight evidence of light counting folds which do not ‘break’ the paper.  Also, French-printed notes usually have a slight ripple in the paper.

ABOUT UNCIRCULATED (A/UNC) A virtually perfect note, with some minor handling.  May show very slight evidence of bank counting folds at a corner or one light fold through the centre, but not both.  An AU note cannot be creased, a crease being a hard fold which has usually ‘broken’ the surface of the note.  Paper is clean and bright with original sheen.  Corners are not rounded.

EXTREMELY FINE (EF) A very attractive note, with light handling.  May have a maximum of three light folds or one strong crease.  Paper is clean and firm, without discolouration.  Corners are sharp and square without any evidence of rounding.

VERY FINE (VF) An attractive note, but with more evidence of handling and wear.  May have several folds both vertically and horizontally. Paper may have minimal dirt, or possible colour smudging.  Paper itself is still relatively crisp and not floppy.  There are no tears into the border area, although the edges do show slight wear.  Corners also show wear but not full rounding.

FINE (F) A note that shows considerable circulation, with many folds, creases and wrinkling.  Paper is not excessively dirty but may have some softness.  Edges may show much handling, with minor tears in the border area.  Tears may not extend into the design.  There is no centre hole because of excessive folding.  Colours are clean but not very bright.  A staple hole or two would not be considered unusual wear in a Fine note.  Overall appearance is still on the desirable side.

VERY GOOD (VG)  A well used note, abused but still intact.  Corners may have much wear and rounding, tiny nicks, tears may extend into the design, some discoloration may be present, staining may have occurred, and a small hole may sometimes be seen at centre from excessive folding.  Staple and pinholes are usually present, and the note itself is quite limp but no pieces of the note can be missing.  A note in VG condition may still have an overall not unattractive appearance.

GOOD  A well-worn and heavily used note.  Normal damage from prolonged circulation will include strong multiple folds and creases, stains, pinholes and/or staple holes, dirt, discoloration, edge tears, centre hole, rounded corners and an overall unattractive appearance.  No large pieces of the note may be missing.  Graffiti is commonly seen on notes in G condition.

FAIR  A totally limp, dirty and very well used note.  Larger pieces may be half torn off or missing beside the defects mentioned under the Good category.  Tears will be larger, obscured portions of the note will be bigger.

POOR  A ‘rag’ with severe damage because of wear, staining, pieces missing, graffiti, larger holes.  May have tape holding pieces of the note together.  Trimming may have taken place to remove rough edges.  A poor note is desirable only as a ‘filler’ or when such a note is the only one known of that particular issue.